Discontinued operations include the Latin American PVC activity Indupa, which was sold at the end of December 2016, and the recently discontinued acetate tow businesses Acetow and Asian PVC activity Vinythai. The latter’s contribution was lower year on year, as in 2015 discontinued operations still included the € 57 m contribution of the European PVC activity, which has been incorporated in the Inovyn joint venture mid-2015.