In October 2009, the public prosecutor of the Criminal Court of Alessandria (Italy) charged several individuals (including employees and former employees of Solvay and Ausimont SpA, now Solvay Specialty Polymers Italy – SSPI) in relation to alleged criminal violations of environmental laws and public health legislation. The provisional claims of civil parties admitted to the trial amounted to about €105 million.
In December 2015, the Assize Court of Alessandria of first instance sentenced three local Solvay/SSPI Managers to imprisonment and awarded civil damages of around €400,000. Appeal was lodged by all parties before the Assize Court of Appeal of Turin which rendered its decision in June 2018 confirming: 1) acquittal of two SSPI Managing Directors; 2) sentence of three Solvay/SSPI Managers reduced to 1 year and 8 months imprisonment, these to now be suspended sentences; 3) damages to €400,000 to civil parties, with rejection of other civil claims; 4) dismissal of charge of remediation omission; 5) SSPI not liable for damages to Alessandria Municipality. The Public Prosecutor Office lodged an appeal before the Cassation Court only limited to the duration of the sentence of the three Solvay/SSPI managers whilst the defendants lawyers requested the charges to be dismissed in the merit. With decision rendered in December 2019 the Cassation Court rejected all the lodged appeals and confirmed the judgement of the Assize Court of Appeal of Turin of June 2018.
As of the end of 2016, 17 civil proceedings have been brought before the Civil Court of Livorno (Italy) by past workers and relatives of deceased workers at the Rosignano site seeking damages (provisionally quantified at €9 million) in relation to diseases allegedly caused by exposure to asbestos. Three of the 17 proceedings have been dismissed so far whilst in a fourth one Solvay has been sentenced to pay a negligible amount of damages (<€20.000).